Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

Mailing Address

Route 2, Box 2700
Hayward, WI 54843

Contact Information




Cultural History

The Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa is one of the six tribes that comprise the bands of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa Indians. Together with the other six, they are the signatory of the treaties which were signed jointly with the United States government in the years 1836-7, 1842 and 1854. They are then part of the Chippewa tribe who has lived a long and rich heritage filled with traditions, victories and some defeats. They are said to have migrated from Canada via the St. Lawrence waterway into Lake Superior.

They are known by various names and yet they are more popularly dubbed as the “Ojibwa”. The other term, the Chippewa is said to be considered as a fraud of speech. Their names are said to have literal meaning of pucker. Therefore, some of the Chippewas prefer to be called as the "Anishenabe" which literally means the "original or first man". This term, however, is not very popular. The Chippewa were formally accredited by the United States government after the treaties in the nineteenth century.

The tribe is also a member of the Algonquin linguistic family. They are together with the Ottawa, the Potawatomi, Fox, the Cree, Menominee and some other tribes. The Chippewa story has been divided into periods where they encountered the Whites. These periods are referred to as the period before the European settlement, the French and then lastly, the United States. The tribe, despite the lack of historical data prior to their contacts with the Whites, has a creation story and a journal of their travel from the eastern part of Canada to the Great Lakes Region.

The Mound Builders were said to be the original inhabitants of the home of the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa today. Evidences prove the existence of the Mound Builders prior to the settlement of the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. The tribe was said to have taken a short break from their migration from Canada. For a short period of time, they paused at the Sault Ste. Marie. Upon their break from the travel, the tribe split into two groups namely the one gong to Canada up to the Northern shore of the Lake Superior and the other one which was bound to move westward to the south shores of Wisconsin and Minnesota. A journal of the travel was published in 1636 by Gabriel Sagard. The journal was entitled Histoie du Canada. 

Nowadays, most of the tribal members are employed or are the operators of the business ventures of the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. Some of their enterprises include the Casino, a Casino Convention Center, a Casino Lodge, a Club Café, Cranberry Marsh, Grindstone Creek Casino, Hydro Facility, LCO Federal Credit Union the LCO Work Investment Act among others.

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