Rosebud Sioux Tribe

Mailing Address

P.O. Box 430
11 Legion Ave
Rosebud, SD 57570

Contact Information




Cultural History

It was in June 18 if the year 1934 when the Indian Recognition Act was passed by the legislation. Upon its approval, a major change in the United States' Indian policy was ordered. The IRA was the act that stopped the allotment system. It was also the Act that provided for the home rule government as well as the economic package. It also upgraded the education while improving the conditions on the reservation systems of the Indians.
On the other hand, on the Rosebud Reservation, the IRA had the ruling of dividing the people into two fractions with regards to the home rule government. The fractions were then soon known as the Old Dealers and the New Dealers. The Old Dealers were the Traditional form of government while the New Dealers were composed of the younger generation who soon quickly accepted the changes offered b y the non-Indians. The Rosebud Sioux formally accepted the new form of ruling as indicated in the IRA. The people of the tribe were then divided based on the home rule type of the government. The Bureau of Indian Affairs soon launched an advocate for a constitution which was somewhat similar to the United States Constitution as well as a community plan for the use of the organization and its people instead of the originally preferred district plan. The result was that the reservation held extensive hearings.
On the 23rd of November in the year 1935, the Sicangu hold a referendum in which it stated that the constitution and the by-laws of the BIA and New Dealers were going to be accepted. The month later, the constitution was formally enacted. The year later, in 1936, the Sicangu held their first ever elections and it was then Antoine Roubideaux was elected as the first ever tribal president. It was also the year when Homer Whirlwind Soldier, Sr. was likewise elected as the Vice-President. There were also twenty council representatives elected. 
On the 11th of April in the year 1968, the American Indian Civil Rights Act was passed so as to grant the tribal members an Indian Bill of Rights which is similar to the American Bill of Rights. The following year, the National Environmental Policy became a law in which it protected the nation from air pollution, water and land as caused by the human development. The tribal people were boost to join environmental projects so that they can have cleaner environment. In the following year, the Rosebud Sioux Constitution was amended and soon, it paved way for the larger elections to elect the new president and vice-president.
Today, the tribe has gone a long way and it is now one of booming Indian communities. It is the operator and owner of several business enterprises as well as the Sinte Gleska University which is one of the major employers.

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