Crow Creek Sioux Tribe

Mailing Address

South Dakota


Cultural History

The Crow Creek Sioux Tribe originates from the Great Sioux Nation. They are one of the few lucky tribes who have remained in their homeland in the Southern part of Dakota and Minnesota. Their original base, though, is along the Missouri River. In the Great Sioux Settlement of 1889, they gained additional area for their settlement. There was a point when their settlement extended up to the Big Horn Mountains. However, their lands were soon reduced through the Homestead Acts, Congress and the court proceedings. In 1868, the Fort Laramie Treaty reduced their lands to the eastern side of Missouri River, in some parts of North Dakota, in Nebraska, Wyoming and even in Montana. Today, their land area is only about half of what they used to own.
The Black Hills are situated in the middle of the Great Sioux Nation. These Black Hills are considered sacred by the Dakota and the Lakota people because of its importance in their spiritual lives. In 1868, General George A. Custer performed a violation when he and his men intruded in the Black Hills to mine for gold. The discovery of gold in the Black Hills spurred the rivalry between the tribe and the government. The tribe was adamant in their word not to ever allow anybody else in the Black Hills thus; they refused to sell it to the government.
This decline of the United States government offer resulted in the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876. The Crow Creek Sioux Tribe together with its fellow tribes, the Cheyenne and Araphoes gained victory against the army of General George A. Custer. Despite the victory, the tribe soon scattered when some members decided to relocate in Canada while the others chose to live in the reservations. After several refusals, the government introduced the Sell or Starve Bill also known as the Agreement of 1877 which forcefully took the Black Hills from the tribe. The tribe, in return, chose to die in starvation than sell their sacred land. 160 acre lots were also use to bribe the Indians to sell out their lands under the Allotment of 1887. The government did this so as to divide the nation into fragments. An additional Act of 1889 generally divided the Great Sioux Nation into what now exists are their reservations. 
The Crow Creek Sioux Tribe is also fond of powwows, just like any other Indian Tribe. They also enjoy rodeos, and races during the summer. They also celebrate special powwows for their tribal members who have gained victory in one field or another. The celebrations using powwows are still widely used today.
The current data about the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe states that there are currently 3,000 enrolled members and 2,816 of these people are living in the reservations. There are currently 20 farming tribal operators. Cattle are a popular source of income in the tribe. They are also the operators of the Lode Star Casino. Aside from these, there are also convenience stores, Laundromat, arcade store, fast food shop and even a small motel in the area.

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