Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma

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Cultural History

The Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma is the descendants of the mixture of the Seneca-Shawnee band. These two bands are the ones who left the Lewiston, Ohio and instead, stayed in the Indian Territory in the year 1832. The tribe was then acknowledged as different, distinct and unique in the year 1867. This was the year when they were then named as the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma. During the 1930's, the tribal membership was up to 1,600.
The tribe's name originated from the Algonquin word "shawun" or "shawunogi". This term literally means "southerner". The term actually refers to the former location of the tribe and not its present location nor its characteristics. The tribe's original location was in the Ohio Valley. Their location was somehow connected with that of the other Great Lakes Algonquin instead of a real ancestral land in the American South East.  The Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, however, prefers to be called as Shawano. Their name is also given several deviations including that of Shawanoe or Shawanese. There is also some Southern Carolina colonist who knew the tribe's name as the Savannah or the Savannuca. The tribe's other given names are the Ani-Sawanugi or the Cherokee, the Chaouanons or Chauenon which is of French origin, the Chaskpe or the Chaouesnon also French in origin, the Chiouanon or Seneca, the Cumberland Indians, Ontwagnnn  of the Iroquois language or "one who stutters", they are also known as the Oshawanoag or Ottawa, the Satana also Iroquois, the Shawala from the Lakota and the Toughenha also from the Iroquois.
The tribe's language originates from the Algonquin. Their Souther Great Lakes dialect is somehow in close relationship with those of the Fox, Sauk, Mascouten and the Kickapoo. 
The tribe considered the Delaware as their grandfathers who were their primary sources of all the other Algonquin tribes. The Shawnee tribe has also shared the same oral tradition as that of the Kickapoo because of their association in the same tribe years before. There is only a little conflict when it comes to the oral history of these two tribes since they originated from different places. 
The Shawnee were thriving in their original homelands until they were forced to leave and relocate to another land. Their relocation in search for a new settlement gave them the reputation as nomads. They were wanderers, always looking for a place to settle in. 
Their political society was centralized and they had an organized form of government. Their leader was called the "head chief" who was in charge of the welfare of the whole of the tribal society. They had villages, houses and thrived in the natural resources abundant in their areas. The tribe has several profitable enterprises which lead to their prosperity.

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