Shoshone-Bannock Tribes

Mailing Address

P.O. Box 306
Pima Drive
Fort Hall, ID 83203



Cultural History

The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes are settled in the Southeast Idaho which is eight miles north of Pocatello. In 1868, a treaty called the Fort Hall Indian Reservation was established granting 1.8 million acre homeland for the Shoshone and the Bannock Tribes. 

The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes have been used to the constitutional form of government which they have been using since 1936. The constitutional form of government allows them to have a seven member council also known as the Fort Hall Business Council who are elected by the Tribal members. Their very own business council spearheads the Law and assures the Orderliness in the area. They have established many ordinances that regard the welfare of the tribesmen. They are also in charge of attending to the legal needs of the enterprises.

3,500 of the known 5,000 tribesmen live in the reservation designed to cater their needs. They have long been engaged in farming, fishing, hunting, retail, construction and service businesses among others. Many of the tribesmen work either for the Tribes in the Tribal Enterprise System or the government. A number of businessmen have ventured into facilities including clothing companies, museums, farms, schools and the most common, casinos.
According to the Fort Bridger Treaty, they have to make the reservations as their primary homes and not to settle in any other place permanently. Membership requirements in the tribe include having Native American Indian blood and are enlisted in the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes as of January 1, 1935.

Traditionally, the artifacts say that the Shoshone and Bannock tribes use horse during the 1600 to 1700. They acquired horses in order for them to travel easily and extend their range northward. The horses proved to be useful in changing the land use patterns that paved way for freedom. Aside from horses, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes also used the smaller animals like buffalo and antelope.

They are keen for survival that during the winter months, their primary food was dried meat. These dried meats were the result of buffalo hunting as well as deer hunting. They also love eating roots and other berries found within their range.

During spring, the Bannocks and the Shoshones have started breaking down into smaller ethnic groups in order to be able to hunt more effectively. They usually travel to lakes for salmon while during summer and midsummer fall, they hunt animals and find roots and beans for their food. In 1805, food trading was said to have started. The Lemhi-Shoshones expedition was the pioneer in trading with the tribes. They trade roasted salmon, boiled antelope and several other delicacies that the tribe has grown to discover.  The tribes proved to be natural artists too, having had the idea of turning the elk horns into utensils for sharpening knives, the buffalo horns for spoons and even their shields.

Today, the tribes are still very much alive and have now gained recognition as top employers and businessmen. Their effective Environmental Waste Management Program continues to gain victory and has been the center for waste management excellence. They also have started several new projects for their welfare such as the Tribal Credit Program that provides its members quality loans.

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