Ute Mountain Ute Tribe

Mailing Address

Towaoc, CO 81334




Cultural History

The reservation of the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe is located in southwest Colorado, southeast Utah, and northern New Mexico. The tribal headquarters in Towaoc, Colorado and White Mesa's small community in Utah are the two communities. Four corners which is the popular name of the area is rich in culture and history. This area known as the Four Corners is rich in culture and history.  

The ancient ones or "The Anasazi" lived in the reservations nearly 1000 years ago. It is the prehistory of The Ute Mountain Ute Tribe. Many years before the Ute Bands and the Plain Indians traveled around the mountains and wide plains or what is now called Eastern Colorado, The Ute Mountain Ute Tribe left the area. There are stories and legends of early Spanish priests and travelers who introduced the horses to the people of Ute while they are living in the Dolores River Valley. Their travel is actually in search of the shortest way to California in order for them to visit the missions.  

The early settlers' historical chronicles are also present. Instead of going o west, they came in the fertile place of Montezuma Valley. The valley's history and future will truly depend to water.

For over 100 years, the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe lived in this place. They are aiming for economic development. In order for them to build for the future, they are using natural resources and planning for their growth.

Throughout Colorado, Utah, and northern New Mexico, the Ute Nation traveled in a hunter-gatherer society. They traveled in the exact season that is best for hunting, harvesting as well as gathering. They did not get advantage to the dealings with the government. The three bands of Southern Utes were forced into Southwestern Colorado by their treaties of United States in the late 1800's.

Within the Ute Nation, the bands were divided. In this day, the total acres in southwestern Colorado, southeastern Utah, and northern New Mexico are 597,000. They are the homelands for the Weeminuche. Utah is the place where the White Mesa community of the Tribe inhabits. Laid out in a checkerboard design, the majority of lands there is for the tribal members. 

The Colorado Plateau is where the tribal lands are. It is a high desert area and through the mesas, deep canyons are carved. No cities are willing to provide services for the tribe that is why it is called the harsh land. The tribe must think of other ways to be able to provide their needs. They then implemented the establishment of different enterprises today and it thus created an improvement in their lives. They achieved progress because the diligently searched for solutions to their problems. Their natural resources also provided their needs. It also added to their income and it really helped their economic development. Oil and gas, grazing land for herds of tribal members, and land and water for the new Farm & Ranch project south of the Sleeping Ute Mountain are some of their resources. 

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