Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria

Mailing Address

300 Cahto Drive
Laytonville, CA 95454

Contact Information




Cultural History

The Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria is aso known by some other names such as the Caddo, the Kato and lastly, the Kypomo. The tribe's primary language is that of the Athapascan. The Athapscan language has long flourished in the tribal community until it was subject to extinction because of the rapid growth of the White settlers who inhabited the tribal lands thus affecting the tribal cultures. 

The Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria is well known hunters of fowls and gatherers. The tribe has gathered nuts, berries, seeds roots, bulbs and tubers. They use these as sources of food to sustain their living. Likewise, the tribe also hunted deer, rabbits, quail and fish so as to provide the other nutritional necessities of the tribal members. The tribe is also recognized for their nomadic culture. The tribe did not have a permanent home, and was often seen traveling in search for food. They stayed in the places where food was plentiful, where they could find refuge and where they were safe. These reasons brought them mostly in the Mendocino coast. It was one of the places where the tribe found resources such as the seaweeds and fishes. 

In the year 1870, the Big Head Cult movement took place. It was then also branded as the "Ghost Dance". The Big Head cult Movement came upon the Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria through Sherwood. It was said that the Big Head Cult Movement of 1870 originated from the Pomo people who were off the coast and were near the Point Arena. The Cahto people then brought along with them the said movement up to the north in Wailaki which was on the North Fork of the Eel River up to the Round Valley Yuki. The said movement was composed of almost four nights of dancing with matching regalia.

The San Diego State University, there are not less than 1,100 Cahto Indians who are residing in the Laytonville area during the beginning of the eighteenth century. The tribe was said to have lives in fifty separate villages. The number of the Cahto people has diminished to only two hundred fifty people residing in the rancheria. Out of this number, there are only up to fifty five of the native tribal members who are still in existence.

A tribal homeland was built in the two hundred acres of land which were purchased by the missionaries in the year 1908. The lands were solely dedicated in avocation got the Cahto tribal people. The Secretary of Interior recognized the tribe's status in the year 1967. Accordingly, its by-laws and constitution was approved. The Tribal Council is composed of fifty five members. The tribe is currently busy with their Red Fox Casino opened in 1996.

Featured Tribal News

No featured news.