Hoopa Valley Tribe

Mailing Address

P.O. Box 1348
Hoopa, CA 95546

Contact Information

530-625-4211

Website

http://www.hoopa-nsn.gov/

Casino(s)

Cultural History

The Hoopa Valley Tribe is proud to be one of California's first recognized tribes. Their first contact with the White invaders was with the gold miners and American trappers in the year 1828. These people happen to came across the Trinity River which was the center of the Hoopa World in the earlier times. In their folklores, the river was also said to be where the first men from their tribe came to be. When the Americans came in the picture, the trail left by the American miners was soon traced back by the other intruders. Soon enough, a treaty was signed to provide the tribe their reservation area. When the Europeans discovered their area, they somehow influenced the culture of the Hoopa Valley Tribe as it is today. 
 
The Peace and Friendship Treaty with the United States was negotiated in the year 1864. The Department of Interior likewise started to prepare for the allotment list of the tribe. The Proclamation of the land and the land allotments for the tribe was signed by President Theodore Roosevelt but was not into reality until 1923. The Hoopa Tribe gained victory in keeping their land without the hassles of warfare. Today, their tribe remains to have one of the successful Native American governments in history. 
 
The tribe's native tongue comes from the Athabascan Language which relates them to the people in Alaska, Northern Canada along with the Navajos and the Apaches Tribes who are from the Southwest. Their traditional lifestyle is based upon the King Salmon lifestyle which is quite focused on the resources coming from the Trinity River. The tribe also had their indigenous foods the most common of which are the acorns. Until now, about 2,500 Hoopa people are still residing in the Hoopa Valley Reservation and are still thriving to the resources found in the river. 
 
They used to inhabit the northwestern corners of California. It was the Executive Order in June 23, 1876 in accordance with the Congressional Act of April 3, 1864 which paved way to the declaration of the reservation's boundaries. In connection with the Klamath River Reservation, another Executive Order was suggested which further expanded the territories covered by the reservation. The Hoopa/Yurok Settlement Act signed by President Ronal Reagan in 1988 confirmed the formal ownership of the land by the Hoopa Valley Tribe. It was included in the Public Law 100-580.
 
There is very little historical record of the beginnings of the tribe. However, most of their history is oral. Despite this, most of their tradition and most of their cultural preferences have been maintained successfully and are relieved every year through festivities and annual commemorations. Today, their members are engaged in enterprises such as the 76 Station & Mini-Mart, the Hoopa Valley Aggregates and Ready Mix Enterprises, the Hoopa Valley Forest Industries, Lucky Bear Casino, Two Rivers Tribune and the Tsewenaldin Inn.

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